The ability to treat severe pediatric and adult spinal deformities through an all-posterior vertebral column resection (VCR) has obviated the need for a circumferential approach in primary and revision surgery, but there is limited literature evaluating this new approach. Our purpose was therefore to provide further support of this technique. We reviewed 43 patients who underwent a posterior-only VCR using pedicle screws, anteriorly positioned cages, and intraoperative spinal cord monitoring between 2002 and 2006. Diagnoses included severe scoliosis, global kyphosis, angular kyphosis, or kyphoscoliosis. Forty (93%) procedures were performed at L1 or cephalad in the spinal cord (SC) territory. Seven patients (18%) lost intraoperative neurogenic monitoring evoked potentials (NMEPs) data during correction with data returning to baseline after prompt surgical intervention. All patients after surgery were at their baseline or showed improved SC function, whereas no one worsened. Two patients had nerve root palsies postoperatively, which resolved spontaneously at 6 months and 2 weeks. Spinal cord monitoring (specifically NMEP) is mandatory to prevent neurologic complications. Although technically challenging, a single-stage approach offers dramatic correction in both primary and revision surgery of severe spinal deformities.,[object Object]
The vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) was originally designed to treat chest and spine deformities in young children. However, older children with complex spinal deformities may also benefit from placement of a VEPTR when vertebral column resections are deemed too risky neurologically. We report: (1) the changes in Cobb angle, T1 angle, and head tilt; and (2) the occurrence of complications in children older than 10 years of age treated with VEPTR. From a database of 214 patients treated in a Food and Drug Administration Investigational Device Exemption study of VEPTR, we identified 10 patients with assorted diagnoses who underwent surgery after age 10 and had a minimum of 24-month followup (mean, 39.6 months; range, 24–75 months). No patient sustained neurologic injury. Patients underwent an average of five lengthenings. The mean preoperative Cobb angle was 64.7° and improved to 48.4°. Head shift improved an average of 3.8 cm. Two device-related complications occurred (both in the same patient). Four patients have since undergone definitive spinal fusion. For a select group of patients 10 years of age or older, the VEPTR offers a reasonable alternative to potentially risky vertebral column resections for correcting deformities in selected patients.,[object Object]
In the natural and prosthetic knees the position, shape, and orientation of the trochlea groove are three of the key determinants of function and dysfunction, yet the rules governing these three features remain elusive.
There is a high volume of unmet needs for knee arthroplasty in the population despite the increase in surgery rates. Given the long waiting times to have a knee arthroplasty, some governments have proposed prioritization systems for patients on waiting lists based on their level of need.
Long-term survival of uncemented total joint replacements relies on osseointegration. With reduced bone stock impacted morselized allograft enhances early implant fixation but is subject to resorption.