Tumor 245 articles
We previously reported the combination of tumor cryotreatment with dendritic cells to promote antitumor immunity. The effect of the combination treatment with dendritic cells and antitransforming growth factor-β (anti-TGF-β) antibody on the elimination of regulatory T cells and the inhibition of tumor growth was investigated.
Simultaneous Anterior and Posterior Synovectomies for Treating Diffuse Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis
The current treatment methods for diffuse intraarticular or extraarticular type pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) include arthroscopic synovectomy or staged anterior and posterior open synovectomies. However, it is unclear whether simultaneous anterior and posterior synovectomies achieve local control and recovery of function.
The pelvis is an infrequent site of osteosarcoma and treatment requires surgery plus systemic chemotherapy. Poor survival has been reported, but has not been confirmed previously by the Children’s Oncology Group (COG). In addition, survival of patients with pelvic osteosarcomas has not been compared directly with that of patients with nonpelvic disease treated on the same clinical trials.
Does Limb-salvage Surgery Offer Patients Better Quality of Life and Functional Capacity than Amputation?
Patients with aggressive lower extremity musculoskeletal tumors may be candidates for either above-knee amputation or limb-salvage surgery. However, the subjective and objective benefits of limb-salvage surgery compared with amputation are not fully clear.
A novel calcium sulfate–calcium phosphate composite injectable bone graft substitute has been approved by the FDA for filling bone defects in a nonweightbearing application based on preclinical studies. Its utility has not been documented in the literature.
Similar Survival but Better Function for Patients after Limb Salvage versus Amputation for Distal Tibia Osteosarcoma
Amputation has been the standard surgical treatment for distal tibia osteosarcoma. Advances in surgery and chemotherapy have made limb salvage possible. However, it is unclear whether limb salvage offers any improvement in function without compromising survival.
De novo malignancies are serious complications in the late postoperative period after liver transplantation. The most common de novo tumors are skin malignancies, posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder, tumors of the head and neck, and Kaposi’s sarcoma. Such posttransplant de novo malignancies are apparently rarely found in bone.
Physeal distraction facilitates metaphyseal bone tumor resection in children and preserves the adjacent joint. The technique was first described by Cañadell. Tumor resection procedures allowing limb-sparing reconstruction have been used increasingly in recent years without compromising oncologic principles.
Sacrectomy may offer curative potential for primary sarcomas of the sacrum. However, it is unclear whether and to what extent sacrectomies achieve local control.