Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

Spine 112 articles

Articles

Débridement and Reconstruction Improve Postoperative Sagittal Alignment in Kyphotic Cervical Spinal Tuberculosis

Zhimin Pan MD, Jiaquan Luo MD, PhD, Limin Yu MD, PhD, Yiwei Chen MD, Junlong Zhong MD, Zhiyun Li MD, PhD, Zhaoxun Zeng MD, Pingguo Duan MD, PhD, Yoon Ha MD, PhD, Kai Cao MD, PhD

Cervical spinal tuberculosis is relatively common in some developing countries. It erodes vertebrae and discs, which sometimes results in cervical kyphosis and myelopathy. However, to our knowledge, no studies have evaluated improvements to patient-reported outcomes among patients who undergo surgical cervical sagittal realignment after kyphotic cervical spinal tuberculosis has been treated by débridement and reconstruction.

Is There Variation in Procedural Utilization for Lumbar Spine Disorders Between a Fee-for-Service and Salaried Healthcare System?

Andrew J. Schoenfeld MD, MSc, Heeren Makanji MD, Wei Jiang MS, Tracey Koehlmoos PhD, Christopher M. Bono MD, Adil H. Haider MD, MPH

Whether compensation for professional services drives the use of those services is an important question that has not been answered in a robust manner. Specifically, there is a growing concern that spine care practitioners may preferentially choose more costly or invasive procedures in a fee-for-service system, irrespective of the underlying lumbar disorder being treated.

Prediction of Postoperative Clinical Recovery of Drop Foot Attributable to Lumbar Degenerative Diseases, via a Bayesian Network

Shota Takenaka MD, PhD, Hiroyuki Aono MD, PhD

Drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases can impair activities of daily living. Therefore, predictors of recovery of this symptom have been investigated using univariate or/and multivariate analyses. However, the conclusions have been somewhat controversial. Bayesian network models, which are graphic and intuitive to the clinician, may facilitate understanding of the prognosis of drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases.

Results of Database Studies in Spine Surgery Can Be Influenced by Missing Data

Bryce A. Basques MD, Ryan P. McLynn BS, Michael P. Fice BS, Andre M. Samuel MD, Adam M. Lukasiewicz MD, MSc, Daniel D. Bohl MD, MPH, Junyoung Ahn MD, Kern Singh MD, Jonathan N. Grauer MD

National databases are increasingly being used for research in spine surgery; however, one limitation of such databases that has received sparse mention is the frequency of missing data. Studies using these databases often do not emphasize the percentage of missing data for each variable used and do not specify how patients with missing data are incorporated into analyses. This study uses the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database to examine whether different treatments of missing data can influence the results of spine studies.

Periprosthetic UHMWPE Wear Debris Induces Inflammation, Vascularization, and Innervation After Total Disc Replacement in the Lumbar Spine

Sai Y. Veruva PhD, Todd H. Lanman MD, Jorge E. Isaza MD, Theresa A. Freeman PhD, Steven M. Kurtz PhD, Marla J. Steinbeck MT(ASCP), PhD

The pathophysiology and mechanisms driving the generation of unintended pain after total disc replacement (TDR) remain unexplored. Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) wear debris from TDRs is known to induce inflammation, which may result in pain.

The Oblique Anterolateral Approach to the Lumbar Spine Provides Access to the Lumbar Spine With Few Early Complications

Christoph Mehren MD, H. Michael Mayer MD, Christoph Zandanell MD, Christoph J. Siepe MD, Andreas Korge MD

During the last 20 years several less-invasive anterior approaches to the lumbar spine have become standard, including the extreme lateral transpsoas approach. Although it is associated with a lower risk of vascular injury compared with anterior midline approaches, neuromonitoring is considered mandatory to avoid neurologic complications. Interestingly, despite neuromonitoring, the reported risk of neurologic deficits with the extreme lateral transpsoas approach is greater than observed with other anterior approaches. An alternative lateral, oblique, psoas-sparing approach, recently named the oblique lumbar interbody fusion, uses the anatomic pathway between the abdominal vessels anteriorly and the lumbar plexus laterally to decrease the risk of neurologic and vascular injury; however, as yet, little on this new approach has been reported.

Does Degenerative Lumbar Spine Disease Influence Femoroacetabular Flexion in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Christina I. Esposito PhD, Theodore T. Miller MD, Han Jo Kim MD, Brian T. Barlow MD, Timothy M. Wright PhD, Douglas E. Padgett MD, Seth A. Jerabek MD, David J. Mayman MD

Sitting pelvic tilt dictates the proximity of the rim of the acetabulum to the proximal femur and, therefore, the risk of impingement in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). Sitting position is achieved through a combination of lumbar spine segmental motions and/or femoroacetabular articular motion in the lumbar-pelvic-femoral complex. Multilevel degenerative disc disease (DDD) may limit spine flexion and therefore increase femoroacetabular flexion in patients having THAs, but this has not been well characterized. Therefore, we measured standing and sitting lumbar-pelvic-femoral alignment in patients with radiographic signs of DDD and in patients with no radiographic signs of spine arthrosis.

Reoperation After Cervical Disc Arthroplasty Versus Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Meta-analysis

Zhao-Ming Zhong MD, Shi-Yuan Zhu MS, Jing-Shen Zhuang MS, Qian Wu MD, Jian-Ting Chen MD

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is a standard surgical treatment for cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy, but reoperations sometimes are performed to treat complications of fusion such as pseudarthrosis and adjacent-segment degeneration. A cervical disc arthroplasty is designed to preserve motion and avoid the shortcomings of fusion. Available evidence suggests that a cervical disc arthroplasty can provide pain relief and functional improvements similar or superior to an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. However, there is controversy regarding whether a cervical disc arthroplasty can reduce the frequency of reoperations.

Smoking is Associated with Increased Blood Loss and Transfusion Use After Lumbar Spinal Surgery

Peter T. McCunniff MD, Ernest S. Young MD, Kasra Ahmadinia MD, Uri M. Ahn MD, Nicholas U. Ahn MD

Little is known about the association between smoking and intraoperative blood loss and perioperative transfusion use in patients undergoing spinal surgery. However, we found that although many of the common complications and deleterious effects of smoking on surgical patients had been well documented, the aspect of blood loss seemingly had been overlooked despite data reported in nonorthopaedic sources to suggest a possible connection.