Shoulder 158 articles
The rotator cuff plays a significant role in the static and dynamic stability of the glenohumeral joint. Rotator cuff tears may occur after shoulder dislocations, whether in younger athletes or older patients with age-related tendon degeneration. Untreated tears may cause persistent pain, dysfunction, instability, and degenerative changes. A thorough understanding of when to look for rotator cuff tears after shoulder dislocations and how best to manage them may decrease patients’ pain and improve function.
Current clinical treatment after tendon repairs often includes prescribing NSAIDs to limit pain and inflammation. The negative influence of NSAIDs on bone repair is well documented, but their effects on tendon healing are less clear. While NSAIDs may be detrimental to early tendon healing, some evidence suggests that they may improve healing if administered later in the repair process.
Although there are many advantages to patient-based assessment for musculoskeletal conditions, one common problem is that many of these assessments are perceived to be subjective. To overcome this limitation for patient-based shoulder evaluation, we developed a modified Constant-Murley score that allows patients to complete subjective and objective sections of the score.
Advantages of Arthroscopic Transosseous Suture Repair of the Rotator Cuff without the Use of Anchors
Although arthroscopic anchor suturing is commonly used for rotator cuff repair and achieves good results, certain shortcomings remain, including difficulty with reoperation in cases of retear, anchor dislodgement, knot impingement, and financial cost. In 2005, we developed an anchorless technique for arthroscopic transosseous suture rotator cuff repair.
Restoration of native, premorbid glenoid anatomy may be a goal in component placement during total shoulder arthroplasty. However, if patients with unilateral glenohumeral osteoarthritis are predisposed to the development of arthritis owing to abnormal native glenoid anatomy, this recommendation may be inappropriate.
The Weber derotation osteotomy is an uncommon procedure that typically is reserved for patients with engaging Hill-Sachs defects who have had other surgical treatments for shoulder instability fail. It is unknown whether the desired humeral derotation actually is achieved with the Weber osteotomy.
Patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery in the beach chair position may be at increased risk for serious neurocognitive complications as a result of cerebral ischemia.
Biologic glenoid resurfacing is a treatment option for young patients with glenohumeral arthritis. An optimal synthetic graft for glenoid resurfacing should allow repopulation with host cells, be durable enough to tolerate suture fixation and forces across the joint, and present no host inflammatory response. We report two cases of giant cell reaction to GraftJacketafter biologic glenoid resurfacing.
Surgical Technique: Results of Stabilization of Sternoclavicular Joint Luxations Using a Polydioxanone Envelope Plasty
Surgical treatment options for sternoclavicular joint luxations described in the literature are numerous, although all have limitations. Therefore, there is no favorable surgical treatment for sternoclavicular luxations when nonoperative treatment has failed.
One possible pathomechanism of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is shoulder abduction and extension inducing backward motion of the clavicle which causes compression on the brachial plexus. This position occurs during the full-draw stage of archery, by drawing and holding the bowstring.