Pediatrics 103 articles
Childhood obesity is associated with reduced quality of life, physical fitness, and a higher prevalence of lower extremity (LE) pain; however, it is unclear whether and how these factors are related.
Although several systems exist for classifying specific limb deformities, there currently are no validated rating scales for evaluating the complexity of general lower limb deformities. Accurate assessment of the complexity of a limb deformity is essential for successful treatment. A committee of the Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society (LLRS) therefore developed the LLRS AIM Index to quantify the severity of a broad range of lower extremity deformities in seven domains.
Confirmation of early long-bone epiphyseal osteonecrosis in pediatric patients with leukemia allows for medical and surgical intervention before articular surface collapse. MRI detects early osteonecrosis, but multiple focused MR images are required to capture all lesions.
Overweight youth have greater bone mass than their healthy-weight peers but sustain more fractures. However, it is unclear whether and how excess body fat influences bone quality in youth.
Childhood Obesity as a Risk Factor for Lateral Condyle Fractures Over Supracondylar Humerus Fractures
Obese children reportedly have an increased risk of sustaining musculoskeletal injuries compared with their normal-weight peers. Obese children are at greater risk for sustaining fractures of the forearm, particularly from low-energy mechanisms. Furthermore, obesity is a risk factor for sustaining an extremity fracture requiring surgery. However, it is unclear what role obesity plays in fractures about the distal humerus.
Although radiographic measurements are used in multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) during correction of lower-limb alignment, the reliabilities of the measurements are unclear.
Cell-based Therapy Improves Function in Adolescents and Young Adults With Patellar Osteochondritis Dissecans
Recent advances have been made in using chondrocytes and other cell-based therapy to treat cartilage defects in adults. However, it is unclear whether these advances should be extended to the adolescent and young adult-aged patients.
Do Femoral or Salter Innominate Osteotomies Improve Femoral Head Sphericity in Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease? A Meta-analysis
Recently, the authors of two prospective multicenter observational studies recommended surgery to improve head sphericity in older children, whereas large retrospective observational studies suggest that surgery does not improve head sphericity in older children. Thus, the treatment for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) remains controversial.
Does Short-term Application of an Ilizarov Frame with Transfixion Pins Correct Relapsed Clubfoot in Children?
Treatment of relapsed clubfoot after soft tissue release in children is difficult because of the high recurrence rate and related complications. Even though the Ilizarov method is used for soft tissue distraction, there is a high incidence of recurrence after removal of the Ilizarov frame owing to previous contracture of soft tissue and a skin scar.
Stiff knee gait is common among children with ambulatory cerebral palsy (CP). When surgery is indicated, rectus femoris transfer as a primary treatment enhances knee range of motion, reduces time to peak knee flexion, increases peak knee flexion, and reduces toe drag.