Knee 440 articles
The use of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has increased substantially in most Western countries. However, the trends in TKA use and changes in demographic characteristics of patients having TKA in Korea remain unclear.
Although many etiological theories have been proposed for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), its etiology remains unclear. Histological analysis of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone tissues of OCD lesions can provide useful information about the cellular changes and progression of OCD. Previous research is predominantly comprised of retrospective clinical studies from which limited conclusions can be drawn.
Femoral Lateral Bowing and Varus Condylar Orientation Are Prevalent and Affect Axial Alignment of TKA in Koreans
Coronal alignment is considered key to the function and longevity of a TKA. However, most studies do not consider femoral and tibial anatomical features such as lateral femoral bowing and the effects of these features and subsequent alignment on function after TKA are unclear.
Does A Kinematically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty Restore Function Without Failure Regardless of Alignment Category?
Kinematically aligned TKA restores function by aligning the femoral and tibial components to the normal or prearthritic joint lines of the knee. However, aligning the components to the joint lines of the normal knee also aligns the tibial component in varus, creating concern that varus alignment might result in poor function and early catastrophic failure.
Studies suggest a trend in the selection of younger and healthier individuals to undergo bilateral TKAs in an attempt to diminish the incidence of complications. It remains unclear whether this development has reduced overall perioperative morbidity and mortality.
The 2012 Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Intraarticular Analgesia After TKA Reduces Pain: A Randomized, Double-blinded, Placebo-controlled, Prospective Study
Postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty remains one of the most important challenges facing patients undergoing this surgery. Providing a balance of adequate analgesia while limiting the functional impact of regional anesthesia and minimizing opioid side effects is critical to minimize adverse events and improve patient satisfaction.
Knee stiffness or limited range of motion (ROM) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may compromise patient function. Patients with stiffness are usually managed with manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) to improve ROM. However, the final ROM obtained is multifactorial and may depend on factors such as comorbidities, implant type, or the timing of MUA.
All-polyethylene Tibial Components are Equal to Metal-backed Components: Systematic Review and Meta-regression
Less than 1% of all primary TKAs are performed with an all-polyethylene tibial component, although recent studies indicate all-polyethylene tibial components are equal to or better than metal-backed ones.
Patient-specific instrumentation potentially improves surgical precision and decreases operative time in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but there is little supporting data to confirm this presumption.
Validation of the Korean Version of the Oxford Knee Score in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty
Although translated versions of the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) in several languages are available, the absence of a Korean version precludes comparing data from Korea with that from other countries using the OKS.