Infection 113 articles
Management of orthopaedic infections relies on débridement and local delivery of antimicrobials; however, the distribution and concentration of locally delivered antimicrobials in postdébridement surgical sites is unknown. Gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) has been proposed as an imaging surrogate for antimicrobials because it is similar in size and diffusion coefficient to gentamicin.
Does Dual Antibiotic Prophylaxis Better Prevent Surgical Site Infections in Total Joint Arthroplasty?
It is unclear which antibiotic regimen provides the best prophylaxis against surgical site infection (SSI) in patients undergoing hip and knee surgery.
The treatment for an early postoperative periprosthetic infection after cementless THA that results in the highest quality of life after the control of infection is unknown. Although common treatments include irrigation and débridement with component retention, a one-stage exchange, or a two-stage exchange, it is unclear whether any of these provides a higher quality of life after the control of infection.
Antimicrobial prophylaxis is considered beneficial for preventing surgical-site infections in clean orthopaedic surgery. However, whether tissue concentrations of cefazolin achieve the minimum inhibitory concentration for the targeted contaminants have yet to be clarified.
Pin site infection is a common problem in external fixation. Plain gauze wetted with normal saline is commonly used for a pin site dressing owing to the simplicity and low cost. Evidence to support adding an antimicrobial agent in the dressing material is lacking.
The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) continues to pose a challenge. While many diagnostic criteria have been proposed, a gold standard for diagnosis is lacking. Use of multiple diagnostic criteria within the joint arthroplasty community raises concerns in patient treatment and comparison of research pertaining to PJI.
Sufficient Release of Antibiotic by a Spacer 6 Weeks after Implantation in Two-stage Revision of Infected Hip Prostheses
Although antibiotic-loaded spacers are commonly used to treat periprosthetic infections, it is unclear whether spacers continue to release bactericidal levels of antibiotic 6 weeks after implantation.
Liquid antimicrobial use for antimicrobial-loaded bone cement is limited because of decreased strength and small volume that can be loaded. Emulsifying the liquid antimicrobial into the monomer may address both issues.