Infection 119 articles
Liposomal amphotericin B is locally delivered to treat fungal orthopaedic infections but little is known about local tissue toxicity, if any, that might be associated with local delivery.
A History of Treated Periprosthetic Joint Infection Increases the Risk of Subsequent Different Site Infection
After the successful treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), patients may present with degenerative joint disease in another joint with symptoms severe enough to warrant arthroplasty. However, it is not known whether patients with a history of treated PJI at one site will have an increased risk of PJI in the second arthroplasty site.
Evaluating for the possibility of prosthetic joint infection in the setting of periprosthetic fracture is important because it determines the course of treatment. However, fracture-related inflammation can make investigations used in the diagnosis of infection less reliable.
High-dose antimicrobial-loaded bone cement (ALBC) is recommended to treat orthopaedic infections. Elution characteristics from prefabricated ALBC spacers and how they compare with hand-mixed ALBC are not well described.
The alpha-defensin test has been previously demonstrated to be highly accurate in the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI), nearly matching the Musculoskeletal Infection Society definition for PJI. However, the relationship between alpha-defensin levels and differing infecting organism has not yet been investigated.
Premature Therapeutic Antimicrobial Treatments Can Compromise the Diagnosis of Late Periprosthetic Joint Infection
In the absence of positive cultures and draining sinuses, the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) relies on laboratory values. It is unknown if administration of antibiotics within 2 weeks before diagnostic evaluations can affect these tests in patients with PJI.
Orthopaedic biomaterials are susceptible to biofilm formation. A novel lipid-based material has been developed that may be loaded with antibiotics and applied as an implant coating at point of care. However, this material has not been evaluated for antibiotic elution, biofilm inhibition, or in vivo efficacy.
The original Charnley-type negative-pressure body exhaust suit reduced infection rates in randomized trials of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) decades ago. However, modern positive-pressure surgical helmet systems have not shown similar benefit, and several recent studies have raised the question of whether these gowning systems result in increased wound contamination and infections. The gown-glove interface may be one source of particle contamination.
Addition of Vancomycin to Cefazolin Prophylaxis Is Associated With Acute Kidney Injury After Primary Joint Arthroplasty
With increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistant(MRSA) in patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty, some have advocated a dual-antibiotic regimen including vancomycin as prophylaxis against surgical site infections. However, routine administration of vancomycin may result in impaired renal functions in susceptible patients.
Local delivery can achieve the high antimicrobial concentrations necessary to kill biofilm-related microbes. Degradation times for resorbable carriers are too long. Hydrogels (gels of hydrophilic polymer in water) can degrade faster but release antimicrobials too quickly. We previously developed hydrogels based on the copolymer poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-dimethyl-γ-butyrolactone acrylate-co-JeffamineM-1000 acrylamide) (PNDJ) with delivery times of several days with complete degradation in less than 6 weeks.