Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

Infection 116 articles


Functional Ability After Above-the-knee Amputation for Infected Total Knee Arthroplasty

Catherine J. Fedorka MD, Antonia F. Chen MD, William M. McGarry BS, Javad Parvizi MD, FRCS, Brian A. Klatt MD

Prosthetic joint infection is an uncommon but serious complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Control of infection after TKA is not always possible, and the resolution of infection may require an above-knee amputation (AKA).

Acinetobacter baumannii is not Associated with Osteomyelitis in a Rat Model: A Pilot Study

Stefan Collinet-Adler MD, Carlos A. Castro MD, Charles Gerald T. Ledonio MD, Joan E. Bechtold PhD, Dean T. Tsukayama MD

Multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR AB) with and without Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a commonly isolated organism in infected segmental bone defects in combat-related trauma in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although MDR AB in visceral infections is a therapeutic challenge, control of infection appears more common for combat-related osteomyelitis.

Articulating Spacers Used in Two-stage Revision of Infected Hip and Knee Prostheses Abrade with Time

Bernd Fink MD, Annett Rechtenbach PhD, Hubert Büchner PhD, Sebastian Vogt PhD, Michael Hahn PhD

Articulating spacers used in two-stage revision surgery of infected prostheses have the potential to abrade and subsequently induce third-body wear of the new prosthesis.

Osseointegrated Titanium Implants for Limb Prostheses Attachments: Infectious Complications

Jonatan Tillander MD, Kerstin Hagberg RPT, PhD, Lars Hagberg MD, PhD, Rickard Brånemark MD, PhD

The concept of osseointegration involves direct contact between titanium implant and bone. This transcutaneous prosthetic system for amputees is intended to assure stable long-term fixation. Most metal transcutaneous implants have failed, primarily owing to infection.

Laboratory Indicators for Early Detection and Surgical Treatment of Vibrio Necrotizing Fasciitis

Yao-Hung Tsai MD, Robert Wen-Wei Hsu MD, Kuo-Chin Huang MD, Tsung-Jen Huang MD

Vibrio necrotizing fasciitis is a rare and life-threatening soft tissue infection, with fulminant clinical courses and high mortality rates. However, the lack of specific disease characteristics and diagnostic tools during the initial examination may delay diagnosis.

Blood Culture Flasks for Culturing Synovial Fluid in Prosthetic Joint Infections

Lluís Font-Vizcarra MD, Sebastián García MD, PhD, Juan C. Martínez-Pastor MD, Josep M. Sierra MD, Alex Soriano MD, PhD

Identifying the etiologic microorganism is essential to guide antimicrobial therapy in prosthetic joint infection.