Hip 724 articles
Cartilage Thickness in the Hip Measured by MRI and Stereology Before and After Periacetabular Osteotomy
Untreated hip dysplasia can result in a degenerative process joint and secondary osteoarthritis at an early age. While most periacetabular osteotomies (PAOs) are performed to relieve symptoms, the osteotomy is presumed to slow or prevent degeneration unless irreparable damage to the cartilage has already occurred.
Although numerous studies describe the clinical characteristics of idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in specific study populations, these have not been confirmed in countrywide studies.
Hospital care of patients with hip fractures often is managed primarily by either a medicine or orthopaedic service, depending on the institution. Whether complication rates, length of stay, or time to surgery differs on different services is unknown.
High Long-term Survival of Bulk Femoral Head Autograft for Acetabular Reconstruction in Cementless THA for Developmental Hip Dysplasia
Deficient acetabula associated with acetabular dysplasia cause difficulty achieving adequate coverage of the acetabular component during THA. Autografting with the removed femoral head has been used for several decades to achieve better coverage, but the long-term benefits of this technique remain controversial, with some series reporting high rates of graft resorption and collapse.
Second-generation Highly Cross-linked X3™ Polyethylene Wear: A Preliminary Radiostereometric Analysis Study
First-generation highly cross-linked polyethylene liners have reduced the incidence of wear particle-induced osteolysis. However, failed acetabular liners have shown evidence of surface cracking, mechanical failure, and oxidative damage. This has led to the development of second-generation highly cross-linked polyethylene, which has improved wear and mechanical properties and resistance to oxidation in vitro. Owing to its recent introduction, there are no publications describing its clinical performance.
Neuropathic arthropathy is characterized by rapidly progressive bone destruction in the setting of impaired nociceptive and proprioceptive innervation to the involved joint. It is seen most commonly in the foot and ankle, secondary to peripheral neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus. Other less common sites of involvement may include the knee, hip, shoulder, and spine, depending on the underlying etiology. Neuropathic arthropathy can be associated with tabes dorsalis, a unique manifestation of late, tertiary neurosyphilis that may arise in individuals with untreated syphilis many years after initial infection, and usually involves the knee, or less commonly, the hip.
Hip arthroscopy is a common orthopaedic procedure used as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool with a multitude of surgical indications. The complication rate is reportedly between 1.3% and 23.3%. Major complications are related to traction, fluid extravasation, and iatrogenic chondral injury. Although osteonecrosis is a concern with any surgical procedure about the hip, this complication has been primarily a theoretical concern with hip arthroscopy.
Successful treatment of an infected joint arthroplasty depends on correctly identifying the responsible pathogens. The value of a preoperative biopsy remains controversial.
Many patients with degenerative joint disease of the hip have substantial degeneration of the lumbar spine. These patients may have back and lower extremity pain develop after THA and it may be difficult to determine whether the source of the pain is the hip or spine.