Hip 719 articles
Ultrashort versus Conventional Anatomic Cementless Femoral Stems in the Same Patients Younger Than 55 Years
Because the clinical and radiographic performance of an ultrashort anatomic cementless stem has been investigated in only two randomized controlled studies, well-designed trials should aim for a thorough comparison of the outcomes of ultrashort anatomic cementless and conventional anatomic cementless stems.
Idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA) is a common diagnosis leading to hip arthroplasty. Patients undergoing unilateral hip arthroplasty often wonder whether their other hip will follow the same path as the one that was operated on, and if so, when? There also are limited data available to predict from AP radiographs which contralateral hips will have OA develop and which will not.
Survivorship of the Bernese Periacetabular Osteotomy: What Factors are Associated with Long-term Failure?
The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) continues to be a commonly performed nonarthroplasty option to treat symptomatic developmental hip dysplasia, but there are few long-term followup studies evaluating results after PAO.
Radiostereometry (RSA) measurements of early micromotion can predict later failure in hip and knee prostheses. In hip implants, RSA has been particularly helpful in the evaluation of composite-beam stem designs. The Spectron EF Primary stem (Smith & Nephew, London, UK) has shown inferior performance compared with its predecessors in both clinical studies and registry reports. Early RSA studies have shown somewhat greater subsidence for the Spectron EF Primary stem compared with the earlier Spectron EF, but still within boundaries considered to be safe.
Poor Survivorship and Frequent Complications at a Median of 10 Years After Metal-on-Metal Hip Resurfacing Revision
High short-term failure rates have been reported for several metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MoMHR) designs. Early observations suggested that MoMHRs revised to total hip arthroplasties (THAs) for pseudotumor had more major complications and inferior patient-reported outcomes compared with other revision indications. However, little is known about implant survivorship and patient-reported outcomes at more than 5 years after MoMHR revision.
Hip fractures are a major public health concern. For displaced femoral neck fractures, the needs for medical services during hospitalization and extending beyond hospital discharge after total hip arthroplasty (THA) may be different than the needs after THA performed for osteoarthritis (OA), yet these differences are largely uncharacterized, and the Medicare Severity Diagnosis-Related Groups system does not distinguish between THA performed for fracture and OA.
No Benefit After THA Performed With Computer-assisted Cup Placement: 10-year Results of a Randomized Controlled Study
Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) for cup placement has been developed to improve the functional results and to reduce the dislocation rate and wear after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Previously published studies demonstrated radiographic benefits of CAS in terms of implant position, but whether these improvements result in clinically important differences that patients might perceive remains largely unknown.
Are Females at Greater Risk for Revision Surgery After Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty With the Articular Surface Replacement Prosthesis?
Female patients undergoing hip resurfacing arthroplasties may be at greater risk of revision surgery than males, but it is unclear whether this is related to sex or other factors. We focused our analysis on data from a prospective multicenter cohort study monitoring the ASRhip resurfacing arthroplasty prosthesis on the potential association of sex on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), metal ion levels, revision surgery, and presence of adverse local tissue reaction. As thousands of patients with the ASRprosthesis are still undergoing followup it is critical to optimize the protocol for monitoring these patients.
Dual-mobility or Constrained Liners Are More Effective Than Preoperative Bariatric Surgery in Prevention of THA Dislocation
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, in patients with obesity, it is not known whether the risk is only in the early postoperative period or whether it persists several years after surgery, and whether having bariatric surgery before undergoing THA and/or receiving a specific device (such as a dual-mobility or constrained acetabular liner) is more effective in terms of decreasing the risk of dislocation.
Excessive early migration of cemented stems and cups after THA has been associated with poor long-term survival and allows predictable evaluation of implant performance. However, there are few data regarding the relationship between early migration and aseptic loosening of cementless femoral components, and whether early migration might predict late failure has not been evaluated, to our knowledge. Einzel-Bild-Röntgen-Analyse-femoral component analysis (EBRA-FCA) is a validated technique to accurately measure axial femoral stem migration without the need for tantalum markers, can be performed retrospectively, and may be a suitable tool to identify poor performing implants before their widespread use.