Hip 716 articles
Impingement events, in addition to their role immediately proximate to frank dislocation, hold the potential to damage new-generation hard-on-hard bearings as a result of the relatively unforgiving nature of the materials and designs. Because of the higher stiffness and tighter design tolerances of metal-on-metal and ceramic implants, surgical positioning plausibly has become even more important.
Metal-on-metal articulations can release substantial amounts of particles containing cobalt and chromium into the surrounding milieu, causing concern for cellular toxicity and adverse local soft tissue reactions. The diameter of the femoral head has been one of the variables that inversely affects wear of metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (THA). The oxidative stress of increased metal ions can be measured with serum markers. It is still controversial if larger femoral head diameters decrease wear rates in patients with metal-on-metal THA and if the increased metal ions alter the body’s antioxidant status.
Young patients with osteonecrosis (ON) treated with THA often have suboptimal function and radiographic failure with eventual revision. Resurfacing may be an option because of potentially increased functionality and decreased radiographic failure, although neither has been confirmed in the literature.
Short-term studies report comparable complication rates of one-stage bilateral versus two-stage procedures in hip resurfacing, although the long-term effects of such procedures on survivorship, quality of life, and disease-specific scores are currently unknown.
Validity of the Alpha Angle Measurement on Plain Radiographs in the Evaluation of Cam-type Femoroacetabular Impingement
Cam-type femoroacetabular impingement is secondary to lack of concavity at the anterosuperior femoral head-neck junction, resulting in reduced femoral head-neck offset and femoral head asphericity. This morphologic deformity can be detected by MRI and plain radiographs and quantified using the alpha angle.
Reports in the literature have linked high acetabular inclination angles to increased wear of ceramic-on-ceramic bearings. However, many of these studies were only conducted in vitro and did not address the clinical relevance of such findings.
Loosening of acetabular components often leads to bony defects. Management of extensive acetabular bone loss in hip revision arthroplasty can be a tremendous challenge.
We believe a curved periacetabular osteotomy is indicated for treatment of severe dysplastic hips with center-edge angles less than 0°, classified as Severin Group IV-b. However, the lower limit of the center-edge angle in hips classified as Severin Group IV-b is not clearly defined to determine which patients should receive periacetabular osteotomy alone.
The Otto Aufranc Award: Enhanced Biocompatibility of Stainless Steel Implants by Titanium Coating and Microarc Oxidation
Stainless steel is one of the most widely used biomaterials for internal fixation devices, but is not used in cementless arthroplasty implants because a stable oxide layer essential for biocompatibility cannot be formed on the surface. We applied a Ti electron beam coating, to form oxide layer on the stainless steel surface. To form a thicker oxide layer, we used a microarc oxidation process on the surface of Ti coated stainless steel. Modification of the surface using Ti electron beam coating and microarc oxidation could improve the ability of stainless steel implants to osseointegrate.