Hip 715 articles
Owing to the aging population, the incidence of hip fractures is increasing. While concomitant fractures are not uncommon, it is unclear how they influence subsequent function.
Routine followup of patients after primary or revision THA is commonly practiced and driven by concerns that delays in identifying early failure will result in more complicated or more costly surgical interventions. Although mid-term followup (4–10 years) has been performed to follow cohorts of patients, the benefit of observing individual patients regardless of symptoms has not been established.
The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is the preferred pelvic osteotomy in many centers treating symptomatic acetabular dysplasia in the young adult. Major nerve injury has been reported as a complication that can occur with this complex procedure, but the incidence and circumstances associated with such injury are not well known.
Accurate, reproducible, and noninvasive assessment of hip cartilage is clinically relevant and provides a means by which to assess the suitability of candidates for arthroscopic or open surgical procedures and the response to such interventions over time. Given the relatively thin cartilage of the hip and the complex spherical anatomy, however, accurately assessing the cartilage poses a challenge for traditional MRI techniques.
Reconstruction rings and bone allografts have been proposed to manage severe acetabular bone loss. However, a high early failure rate of the Graft Augmentation Prosthesis (GAP) II reinforcement ring (Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ, USA) has been reported in one small series.
Highly Crosslinked Polyethylene Does Not Reduce Aseptic Loosening in Cemented THA 10-year Findings of a Randomized Study
Polyethylene (PE) wear particles are believed to cause aseptic loosening and thereby impair function in hip arthroplasty. Highly crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) has low short- and medium-term wear rates. However, the long-term wear characteristics are unknown and it is unclear whether reduced wear particle burden improves function and survival of cemented hip arthroplasty.
Case Report: High Chromium and Cobalt Levels in a Pregnant Patient with Bilateral Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasties
Metal-on-metal bearings frequently are used in young patients leading to the concern that disseminated metals such as chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) as the main constituents could affect pregnancies.
Head Material Influences Survival of a Cemented Total Hip Prosthesis in the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register
High prosthesis survival is reported for total hip prostheses with metal and alumina heads, but direct comparisons of a single prosthesis design with one of two different head materials has seldom been studied. Prostheses with zirconia heads are less commonly used than metal and alumina heads, and the few reports suggest variable results with zirconia heads.
Dislocation after THA continues to be relatively common. Dual mobility sockets have been associated with low dislocation rates, but it remains unclear whether their use in primary THA would not introduce additional complications.