Hip 721 articles
Preoperative Anemia in Total Joint Arthroplasty: Is It Associated with Periprosthetic Joint Infection?
Anemia is common in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Numerous studies have associated anemia with increased risk of infection, length of hospital stay, and mortality in surgical populations. However, it is unclear whether and to what degree preoperative anemia in patients undergoing TJA influences postoperative periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) and mortality.
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication after total joint arthroplasty. Lack of confirmation of an infecting organism poses a challenge with regard to the selection of an appropriate antibiotic agent and surgical treatment. It is unclear whether patients with negative cultures presumed to have infections achieve similar rates of infection-free survival as those with positive cultures.
The relative risk of revision of the Titanfemoral stem due to aseptic loosening increased after 2000; however, the reasons for this have not been established. A retrieval analysis was initiated with the aim of delineating the failure mechanism.
The Vascularized Fibular Graft in Precollapse Osteonecrosis: Is Long-term Hip Preservation Possible?
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a debilitating condition affecting primarily young patients. Free vascularized fibular grafting (FVFG) may provide a durable means to preserve the femoral head. When used in the precollapse stages of ONFH, this treatment may alter the course of disease.
Isolated acetabular revisions using standard cups are at risk of dislocation. The introduction of a nonconstrained dual-mobility cup was designed to improve prosthetic stability without increasing loosening rates, but it is unclear whether the risk of dislocation is reduced.
Owing to the aging population, the incidence of hip fractures is increasing. While concomitant fractures are not uncommon, it is unclear how they influence subsequent function.
Routine followup of patients after primary or revision THA is commonly practiced and driven by concerns that delays in identifying early failure will result in more complicated or more costly surgical interventions. Although mid-term followup (4–10 years) has been performed to follow cohorts of patients, the benefit of observing individual patients regardless of symptoms has not been established.
The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is the preferred pelvic osteotomy in many centers treating symptomatic acetabular dysplasia in the young adult. Major nerve injury has been reported as a complication that can occur with this complex procedure, but the incidence and circumstances associated with such injury are not well known.