Hip 715 articles
Are Antibiotics Necessary in Hip Arthroplasty With Asymptomatic Bacteriuria? Seeding Risk With/Without Treatment
In patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria undergoing hip arthroplasty, the risk of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) and appropriateness of specific antibiotics are unclear.
Traumatic posterior hip dislocation in adults is generally understood to be the result of a high-energy trauma. Aside from reduced femoral antetorsion, morphologic risk factors for dislocation are unknown. We previously noticed that some hips with traumatic posterior dislocations had evidence of morphologic features of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), therefore, we sought to evaluate that possibility more formally.
Dislocation continues to commonly cause failure after primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Fully constrained liners intended to prevent dislocation are nonetheless associated with a substantial incidence of failure by redislocation, mechanical failure, aseptic loosening, or a combination. Constrained liners with cutouts of the elevated rims can theoretically increase range of movement and therefore decrease the risk dislocation, but it is unclear if they do so in practice and whether they are associated with early wear or loosening.
It is unclear whether late THA dislocations are related to mechanical impingement or to a biological mechanism that decreases the stability provided by the capsule (eg, inflammation secondary to osteolysis). It is also unknown if alumina-on-alumina bearing couples decrease the risk of late dislocation as a result of the absence of wear and osteolysis.
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is an incompletely understood clinical concept that implies pathomechanical changes in the hip as a cause for hip-related pain in young adults. While a positive anterior impingement test is suggestive of FAI, its association with clinical and radiographic findings remain unconfirmed in healthy young adults.
High readmission rates are viewed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services as a quality of care determinant but it is unclear whether readmission rates per se reflect quality and the drivers of readmissions after hip arthroplasty remain unclear.
Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine Morphology Correlates With Hip Range of Motion: A Classification System and Dynamic Model
The anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) contributes to hip dysfunction in patients with symptomatic impingement and resection of a prominent AIIS can reportedly improve function. However, the variability of the AIIS morphology and whether that variability correlates with risk of associated symptomatic impingement are unclear.
Healing and functional recovery have been reported using an extensively porous-coated stem in Vancouver B2 and B3 periprosthetic fractures; however, loss of cortical bone has been observed when using these stems in revision surgery for aseptic loosening. However, it is unclear whether this bone loss influences subsequent loosening.
The Paprosky acetabular defect classification is widely used but has not been appropriately validated. Reliability of the Paprosky system has not been evaluated in combination with standardized techniques of measurement and scoring.
Data from literature on predictors for patients’ quality of life after pelvic ring fractures are conflicting and based on small study populations.