Hip 719 articles
Do Monoblock Cups Improve Survivorship, Decrease Wear, or Reduce Osteolysis in Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty?
Monoblock acetabular components used in uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) have certain mechanical characteristics that potentially reduce acetabular osteolysis and polyethylene wear. However, the degree to which they achieve this goal is not well documented.
Is Intraarticular Pathology Common in Patients With Hip Dysplasia Undergoing Periacetabular Osteotomy?
Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) enables correction of bony acetabular deficiency in the setting of hip dysplasia. Patients with insufficient acetabular coverage often have intraarticular pathology, but the degree of this pathology has been incompletely characterized. We have used arthroscopy as an adjunct to PAO to further delineate intraarticular pathology in patients with hip dysplasia with mechanical symptoms.
Periprosthetic Fractures Around a Cementless Hydroxyapatite-coated Implant: A New Fracture Pattern Is Described
Periprosthetic fractures can occur both intraoperatively and postoperatively with implantation of cementless tapered stems.
Patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) often are satisfied with the decrease in pain and improvement in function they achieve after surgery. Even so, strength and functional performance deficits persist after recovery, but these remain poorly characterized; knowledge about any ongoing strength or functional deficits may allow therapists to design rehabilitation programs to optimize recovery after THA.
The most effective agent for prophylaxis against venous thromboembolic disease after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) remains unknown. The paucity of literature comparing different methods of pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis and fear of litigation make it difficult for surgeons to abandon the use of aggressive chemical prophylaxis.
The local and systemic effects of wear debris and corrosion products remain a concern in arthroplasty and reaction to corrosion or wear products from modular junctions has been reported in primary and revision total joint arthroplasties. These effects have not been reported previously for unipolar hemiarthroplasties where there is no prosthetic bearing surface to contribute to the phenomenon. This may have implications for clinical surveillance and implant design.
Hip Dysplasia Is More Severe in Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Than in Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease may develop hip dysplasia. Hip geometry in these patients has not been well described in the literature.
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a beneficial and cost-effective procedure for patients with osteoarthritis. Recent initiatives to improve hospital quality of care include assessing unplanned hospital readmission rates. Patients presenting for THA have different indications and medical comorbidities that may impact rates of readmission.
Fixation of cementless orthopaedic implants is not always achieved, particularly in challenging scenarios such as revision surgery, trauma, and tumor reconstruction. An adjunct therapy for improving implant fixation would improve the reliability and durability of certain reconstructive procedures.
Large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasties have demonstrated poor survival. Damage at the taper-trunnion junction is a contributing factor; however, the influence of junction design is not well understood.