Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

Hand 85 articles

Articles

Percutaneous Distraction Pinning for Metacarpophalangeal Joint Stabilization After Blast or Crush Injuries of the Hand

Matthew A. Langford MD, Kevin Cheung BS, Zhongyu Li MD, PhD

Unstable, severely comminuted fractures of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint are difficult to treat. Closed treatment and casting of these fractures often fail to maintain proper alignment and impede wound care where concomitant open injuries such as gunshot wounds are present. Conventional pinning or plating techniques are not feasible if extensive bone loss and comminution are present. A distraction pinning technique represents a potential alternative, but results with this approach, to our knowledge, have not been reported.

Does Disability Correlate With Impairment After Hand Injury?

Maryam Farzad PhD, Ali Asgari PhD, Fatemeh Dashab MSc, Fereydoun Layeghi MD, Masoud Karimlou PhD, Seyed Ali Hosseini PhD, Mehdi Rassafiani PhD

Any loss or deviation in body function and structure is considered impairment, whereas limitations on activities are fundamental to the definition of disability. Although it seems intuitive that the two should be closely related, this might not be the case; there is some evidence that psychosocial factors are more important determinants of disability than are objective impairments. However, the degree to which this is the case has been incompletely explored.

Do Secular Trends in Skeletal Maturity Occur Equally in Both Sexes?

Dana L. Duren PhD, Ramzi W. Nahhas PhD, Richard J. Sherwood PhD

Skeletal maturity assessment provides information on a child’s physical development and expectations based on chronological age. Given recently recognized trends for earlier maturity in a variety of systems, most notably puberty, examination of sex-specific secular trends in skeletal maturation is important. For the orthopaedist, recent trends and changes in developmental timing can affect clinical management (eg, treatment timing) if they are currently based on outdated sources.

Is the Control of Applied Digital Forces During Natural Five-digit Grasping Affected by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Po-Tsun Chen MS, I-Ming Jou MD, PhD, Chien-Ju Lin PhD, Hsiao-Feng Chieh PhD, Li-Chieh Kuo PhD, Fong-Chin Su PhD

The impaired sensory function of the hand induced by carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is known to disturb dexterous manipulations. However, force control during daily grasping configuration among the five digits has not been a prominent focus of study. Because grasping is so important to normal function and use of a hand, it is important to understand how sensory changes in CTS affect the digit force of natural grasp.

Antegrade Intramedullary Pinning Versus Retrograde Intramedullary Pinning for Displaced Fifth Metacarpal Neck Fractures

Jae Kwang Kim MD, PhD, Dong Jin Kim MD

Severe angulation or shortening can be a surgical indication for fifth metacarpal neck fracture. In a previous meta-analysis, antegrade intramedullary pinning was shown to produce better hand function outcomes than percutaneous transverse pinning or miniplate fixation for treatment of fifth metacarpal neck fractures. However, the outcomes of retrograde intramedullary pinning, to our knowledge, have not been compared with those of antegrade intramedullary pinning.

Do Previsit Expectations Correlate With Satisfaction of New Patients Presenting for Evaluation With an Orthopaedic Surgical Practice?

Michiel G. J. S. Hageman MD, Jan Paul Briët MD, Jeroen K. Bossen MD, Robin D. Blok BSc, David C. Ring MD, PhD, Ana-Maria Vranceanu MSc, PhD

Patient satisfaction is associated with increased compliance, improved treatment outcomes, and decreased risk of litigation. Factors such as patient understanding and psychological well-being are recognized influences on satisfaction. Less is known about the relationship between previsit expectations and satisfaction.

Medical Services and Associated Costs Vary Widely Among Surgeons Treating Patients With Hand Osteoarthritis

Stéphanie J. E. Becker MD, Teun Teunis MD, Johann Blauth PhD, Joost T. P. Kortlever BSc, George S. M. Dyer MD, David Ring MD, PhD

There are substantial variations in medical services that are difficult to explain based on differences in pathophysiology alone. The scale of variation and the number of people affected suggest substantial potential to lower healthcare costs with the reduction of practice variation. Our study assessed practice variation across three affiliated urban sites in one city in the United States and related healthcare costs following the diagnosis of hand osteoarthritis (OA) in patients.

The 2014 ABJS Nicolas Andry Award: The Puzzle of the Thumb: Mobility, Stability, and Demands in Opposition

Amy L. Ladd MD, Joseph J. Crisco PhD, Elisabet Hagert MD, PhD, Jessica Rose PhD, Arnold-Peter C. Weiss MD

The paradoxical demands of stability and mobility reflect the purpose and function of the human thumb. Its functional importance is underscored when a thumb is congenitally absent, injured, or afflicted with degenerative arthritis. Prevailing literature and teaching implicate the unique shape of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint, as well as its ligament support, applied forces, and repetitive motion, as culprits causing osteoarthritis (OA). Sex, ethnicity, and occupation may predispose individuals to OA.

How Does Ulnar Shortening Osteotomy Influence Morphologic Changes in the Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex?

Yoshiaki Yamanaka MD, Toshiyasu Nakamura MD, PhD, Kazuki Sato MD, PhD, Yoshiaki Toyama MD, PhD

Ulnar shortening osteotomy often is indicated for treatment of injuries to the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). However, the effect of ulnar shortening osteotomy on the changes in shape of the TFCC is unclear. In our study, quantitative evaluations were performed using MRI to clarify the effect of ulnar shortening on triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) thickness attributable to disc regeneration of the TFC and TFC angle attributable to the suspension effect of ulnar shortening on the TFC.

The PROMIS Physical Function Correlates With the QuickDASH in Patients With Upper Extremity Illness

Celeste L. Overbeek BSc, Sjoerd P. F. T. Nota MD, Prakash Jayakumar MD, Michiel G. Hageman MD, David Ring MD, PhD

To assess disability more efficiently with less burden on the patient, the National Institutes of Health has developed the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function—an instrument based on item response theory and using computer adaptive testing (CAT). Initially, upper and lower extremity disabilities were not separated and we were curious if the PROMIS Physical Function CAT could measure upper extremity disability and the Quick Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH).