Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

Online First™

Articles

What Is the Diagnostic Accuracy of the Duck Walk Test in Detecting Meniscal Tears?

A. Post BSc, J. C. A. Noorduyn MSc, V. A. B. Scholtes PhD, E. L. A. R. Mutsaerts MD, PhD
14th August 2017, Clinical Research

Clinical weightbearing provocation tests, like the duck walk test, may be of value in diagnosing or screening for medial meniscal tears. However, evidence of the diagnostic accuracy of the duck walk test is lacking.

Are Barbed Sutures Associated With 90-day Reoperation Rates After Primary TKA?

Daniel C. Austin MD, Benjamin J. Keeney PhD, Brendan E. Dempsey MS, Karl M. Koenig MD, MS
11th August 2017, Clinical Research

Studies have suggested that barbed sutures for wound closure in TKAs are an acceptable alternative to standard methods. However others have observed a higher risk of wound-related complications with barbed sutures.

Brain Activity Changes in Somatosensory and Emotion-Related Areas With Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Deficiency

Masaru Kadowaki MD, Taku Tadenuma MD, Nobuyuki Kumahashi MD, PhD, Yuji Uchio MD, PhD
11th August 2017, Clinical Research

Patellar instability with medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) deficiency is a common sports injury among young people. Although nonoperative and surgical treatment can provide stability of the patella, patients often have anxiety related to the knee. We speculate that neural dysfunction may be related to anxiety in these patients; however, the mechanism in the brain that generates this anxiety remains unknown.

Are TKAs Performed in High-volume Hospitals Less Likely to Undergo Revision Than TKAs Performed in Low-volume Hospitals?

Elke Jeschke PhD, Mustafa Citak MD, PhD, Christian Günster, Andreas Matthias Halder MD, Karl-Dieter Heller MD, Jürgen Malzahn MD, Fritz Uwe Niethard MD, Peter Schräder MD, Josef Zacher MD, Thorsten Gehrke MD
11th August 2017, Clinical Research

High-volume hospitals have achieved better outcomes for THAs and unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs). However, few studies have analyzed implant survival after primary TKA in high-volume centers.

Severe Hemorrhagic Shock Leads to a Delayed Fracture Healing and Decreased Bone Callus Strength in a Mouse Model

Katrin Bundkirchen MS, Christian Macke MD, Janin Reifenrath PhD, Luisa Marilena Schäck PhD, Sandra Noack PhD, Borna Relja PhD, Philipp Naber MS, Bastian Welke PhD, Michael Fehr VMD, Christian Krettek MD, Claudia Neunaber PhD
9th August 2017, Basic Research

Multiple trauma is frequently associated with hemorrhagic shock and fractures of the extremities. Clinically, the rate of impaired fracture healing (delayed healing and nonunion) seems to be increased in patients with multiple injuries compared with patients with isolated fractures. As the underlying pathogenesis remains poorly understood, we aimed to analyze the biomechanical properties during fracture healing in a murine model.

How Long Does Antimycobacterial Antibiotic-loaded Bone Cement Have In Vitro Activity for Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis?

Jae Hoo Lee MD, Chang Dong Han MD, PhD, Sang-Nae Cho DVM, PhD, Ick Hwan Yang MD, PhD, Woo Suk Lee MD, PhD, Seung-Hun Baek PhD, Jae Won Shin MD, Khalid Elfadil Ibrahim Husein MD, Kwan Kyu Park MD, PhD
9th August 2017, Basic Research

Antibiotic-loaded bone cement is accepted as an effective treatment modality for musculoskeletal tuberculosis. However, comparative information regarding combinations and concentrations of second-line antimycobacterial drugs, such as streptomycin and amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, are lacking.

What Should Define Preoperative Anemia in Primary THA?

Mitchell R. Klement MD, Ashwin Peres-Da-Silva BS, Brian T. Nickel MD, Cynthia L. Green PhD, Samuel S. Wellman MD, David E. Attarian MD, Michael P. Bolognesi MD, Thorsten M. Seyler MD, PhD
7th August 2017, Clinical Research

The use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in THA decreases the risk of transfusion after surgery. However, nearly 10% of patients still undergo a transfusion, which has been independently associated with an increased risk of complications. Preoperative anemia has been proven to be a strong predictor of transfusion after THA, but the ideal “cutoff” values in today’s population that maximize sensitivity and specificity to predict transfusion have yet to be established.

What is the Difference in Morphologic Features of the Thoracic Pedicle Between Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis and Healthy Subjects? A CT-based Case-control Study

Bo Gao MD, Wenjie Gao MD, Chong Chen MD, Qinghua Wang MM, Shaochun Lin MM, Caixia Xu PhD, Dongsheng Huang MD, Peiqiang Su MD
1st August 2017, Clinical Research

Describing the morphologic features of the thoracic pedicle in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is necessary for placement of pedicle screws. Previous studies showed inadequate reliability owing to small sample size and heterogeneity of the patients surveyed.