Symposium: Musculoskeletal Tumor Society 2012 Symposium 9 articles
Silver Negative Pressure Dressing With Vacuum-assisted Closure of Massive Pelvic and Extremity Wounds
Massive soft tissue loss involving the pelvis and extremities from trauma, infections, and tumors remains a challenging and debilitating problem. Although vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) technology is effective in the management of soft tissue loss, the adjunct of a silver dressing in the setting of massive wounds has not been as well tested.
Epigenetics is the study of changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence. It is widely accepted that cancer has genetic and epigenetic origins. The idea of epigenetic reprogramming of cancer cells by an embryonic microenvironment possesses potential interest from the prospect of both basic science and potential therapeutic strategies. Chick embryo extract (CEE) has been used for the successful expansion of many specific stem cells and has demonstrated the ability to facilitate DNA demethylation.
Guidelines suggest that followup for low-grade soft tissue sarcomas should be every 3 to 6 months for 2 to 3 years and then annually, and for high-grade sarcomas every 3 to 6 months for 2 to 5 years, then every 6 months for the next 2 years, and then annually. However, there is only very limited evidence to support these strategies.
Most synovial sarcomas contain a chromosomal translocation t(X;18), which results in the formation of an oncoprotein SS18-SSX critical to the viability of synovial sarcoma.
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MSC) is a rare variant of chondrosarcoma. Because of the rarity of the disease, most studies only contain a small number of patients and thus the prognostic variables and role of adjuvant therapies remain controversial.
Soft tissue sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors. Standard treatment for soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity is surgical excision and adjuvant therapy; however, the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy is controversial.
Complete resection is critical for local control of primary bone sarcomas. Intraoperative consultation, including frozen section of bone marrow margins, frequently is used to aid in this goal.
A Dual-center Review of Compressive Osseointegration for Fixation of Massive Endoprosthetics: 2- to 9-year Followup
Aseptic failure of massive endoprostheses used in the reconstruction of major skeletal defects remains a major clinical problem. Fixation using compressive osseointegration was developed as an alternative to cemented and traditional press-fit fixation in an effort to decrease aseptic failure rates.