Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

Symposium: Gender-specific Issues in Orthopaedic Surgery 14 articles

Articles

Influence of Gender on Age of Treatment with TKA and Functional Outcome

Brian S. Parsley MD, Roberto Bertolusso MA, Melvyn Harrington MD, Adam Brekke BA, Philip C. Noble PhD

Previous studies suggest differences may exist between men and women in terms of knee function before and after total knee replacement. This may be related to the efficacy of the procedure itself or to differences in the severity of disability of male and female patients at the time of surgery.

Do Men Outperform Women During Orthopaedic Residency Training?

Katharine Pico MD, Terence J. Gioe MD, Ann VanHeest MD, Penny J. Tatman MPH

Orthopaedic surgery residency has one of the lowest percentages of women (13.1%) of all primary surgical specialties. There are many possible reasons for this, including bias during the selection process.

Pelvic Fractures in Women of Childbearing Age

Lisa K. Cannada MD, Jennifer Barr MD

Pelvic fractures represent major injury. Women of childbearing age who have sustained pelvic fractures question whether they can have children and what type of delivery will be possible.

Gender Differences in the Correlation between Symptom and Radiographic Severity in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

Hyung Joon Cho MD, Chong Bum Chang MD, Jae Ho Yoo MD, Sung Ju Kim MS, Tae Kyun Kim MD

The effects of gender on the relationship between symptom manifestations and radiographic grades of knee osteoarthritis are not well understood.

Comparison of 5766 Vertebral Compression Fractures Treated With or Without Kyphoplasty

Jay M. Zampini MD, Andrew P. White MD, Kevin J. McGuire MD

The majority of the 700,000 osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) that occur annually in the United States affect women. The total treatment costs exceed $17 billion and approximate the total costs of breast cancer ($13 billion) and heart disease ($19 billion). Balloon-assisted percutaneous vertebral augmentation with bone cement (kyphoplasty) reportedly reduces VCF-related pain and accelerates return of independent functional mobility. Kyphoplasty may decrease overall cost of VCF treatment costs by reducing use of posttreatment medical resources.

Carpal and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Who Gets Surgery?

Charles S. Day MD, MBA, Eric C. Makhni BS, Erika Mejia BA, Daniel E. Lage, Tamara D. Rozental MD

Despite the prevalence of carpal and cubital tunnel syndrome, and relief of symptoms following timely surgical release, it is unclear how nonclinical patient characteristics affect disease management.

Incidence of Joint Hypermobility Syndrome in a Military Population: Impact of Gender and Race

Danielle L. Scher MD, Brett D. Owens MD, Rodney X. Sturdivant PhD, Jennifer Moriatis Wolf MD

Joint hypermobility syndrome is defined by abnormal laxity in multiple joints in association with symptomatic joint pain. Previous studies in small populations suggest a predominance of female gender and nonwhite race among those diagnosed with hypermobility syndrome.

Prevalence and Predictors of Osteoporosis Risk in Orthopaedic Patients

Tamara D. Rozental MD, Jalaal Shah BS, Aron T. Chacko BS, David Zurakowski PhD

Current physician practices are not effective in adequately evaluating and treating patients for osteoporosis. While dual-energy xray absorptiometry is the gold standard in evaluating bone mineral density, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound has emerged as a low-risk and low-cost alternative.

Editorial: A Paucity of Women Among Residents, Faculty, and Chairpersons in Orthopaedic Surgery

Lam Nguyen BS, Nirav H. Amin MD, Thomas P. Vail MD, Ricardo Pietrobon MD, PhD, MBA, Anand Shah MD, MPH