Symposium: Gender-specific Issues in Orthopaedic Surgery 14 articles
Previous studies suggest differences may exist between men and women in terms of knee function before and after total knee replacement. This may be related to the efficacy of the procedure itself or to differences in the severity of disability of male and female patients at the time of surgery.
Orthopaedic surgery residency has one of the lowest percentages of women (13.1%) of all primary surgical specialties. There are many possible reasons for this, including bias during the selection process.
Gender Differences in the Correlation between Symptom and Radiographic Severity in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis
The effects of gender on the relationship between symptom manifestations and radiographic grades of knee osteoarthritis are not well understood.
The majority of the 700,000 osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) that occur annually in the United States affect women. The total treatment costs exceed $17 billion and approximate the total costs of breast cancer ($13 billion) and heart disease ($19 billion). Balloon-assisted percutaneous vertebral augmentation with bone cement (kyphoplasty) reportedly reduces VCF-related pain and accelerates return of independent functional mobility. Kyphoplasty may decrease overall cost of VCF treatment costs by reducing use of posttreatment medical resources.
Despite the prevalence of carpal and cubital tunnel syndrome, and relief of symptoms following timely surgical release, it is unclear how nonclinical patient characteristics affect disease management.
Joint hypermobility syndrome is defined by abnormal laxity in multiple joints in association with symptomatic joint pain. Previous studies in small populations suggest a predominance of female gender and nonwhite race among those diagnosed with hypermobility syndrome.
Current physician practices are not effective in adequately evaluating and treating patients for osteoporosis. While dual-energy xray absorptiometry is the gold standard in evaluating bone mineral density, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound has emerged as a low-risk and low-cost alternative.