Symposium: Fractures of the Shoulder Girdle 18 articles
Is Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Appropriate for the Treatment of Fractures in the Older Patient?: Early Observations
The treatment of comminuted proximal humerus fractures in older patients is challenging. Variable values of functional outcomes scores, ROMs, patient satisfaction, and bony healing have been reported with conventional techniques, including open reduction and internal fixation, percutaneous pinning, and hemiarthroplasty. Another alternative is reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, although it is unclear whether this provides better ROM or function.
Operative indications for displaced scapular fractures have been controversial and inconsistent. Surgeons have been dissuaded to operate on these uncommon fractures because of the complex anatomy, approaches, and fracture patterns. It is unclear whether return to work, pain, or complications differ in patients with scapular fractures treated nonoperatively or operatively.
The ideal management of fractures of the distal third of the clavicle remains a topic of debate. Locked plating is a new treatment method but is not yet widely studied.
The approach of choice for open reduction internal fixation of displaced fractures involving the scapula neck or body is from posterior. We describe a new approach that minimizes the surgical insult to the soft tissues but preserves the ability to restore alignment and stability to the fracture.
Locking-plate technology has renewed interest in plate fixation for treating proximal humerus fractures. Complications associated with these devices, including loss of reduction, screw cutout, and intra-articular penetration, are frequent. Establishing a second column of support may reduce complications and improve clinical outcome scores.
Thromboembolic Events Are Uncommon After Open Treatment of Proximal Humerus Fractures Using Aspirin and Compression Devices
Thromboembolic phenomena have long been recognized as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients, especially those undergoing reconstructive surgery. We have been empirically treating patients with aspirin, early ambulation, and mechanoprophylaxis after operative management of proximal humerus fractures. However, we have not established the incidence of postoperative deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in this population.
Locked Plating of Proximal Humeral Fractures: Is Function Affected by Age, Time, and Fracture Patterns?
Locking plate fixation of proximal humeral fractures improves biomechanical stability. It has expanded the indications of traditional open reduction internal fixation and become increasingly common for treating unstable, displaced proximal humeral fractures. Despite improved stability it is unclear whether these improve function and if so for which patients.
Arthroplasty for shoulder fractures is a technically challenging and unpredictable procedure and its use is controversial.
Function Plateaus by One Year in Patients With Surgically Treated Displaced Midshaft Clavicle Fractures
Based on short-term (1 year or less) followup, primary fixation of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures reportedly results in better function compared with that reported for nonoperative methods. Whether better function persists beyond 1 year is unclear.
Proximal Humerus Fractures in the Elderly Can Be Reliably Fixed With a “Hybrid” Locked-plating Technique
Controversy exists regarding the best treatment of proximal humerus fractures in the elderly. Recent studies of open reduction and internal fixation have demonstrated high complication rates.
Operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures reportedly decreases the risk of symptomatic malunion, nonunion, and residual shoulder disability. Plating these fractures, however, may trade these complications for hardware-related problems. Low-profile anatomically precontoured plates may reduce the rates of plate prominence and hardware removal.
Excessive Complications of Open Intramedullary Nailing of Midshaft Clavicle Fractures With the Rockwood Clavicle Pin
Intramedullary clavicle fixation is a potential alternative to plate fixation. Previous studies documenting the complication rates of intramedullary clavicle fixation have demonstrated variable rates of soft tissue complications and fracture healing.
Locking plates have become a commonly used fixation device in the operative treatment of three- and four-part proximal humerus fractures. Examining function in patients treated nonoperatively and operatively should help determine whether and when surgery is appropriate in these difficult-to-treat fractures.
We found treatment of clavicular midshaft fractures using titanium elastic nails (TENs) in combination with postoperative free ROM was associated with a complication rate of 78%. The use of end caps reduced the rate to 60%, which we still considered unacceptably high. Thus, we explored an alternative approach.
Currently, neither well-defined nor standardized measurement techniques exist for assessing deformity of extra-articular scapular fractures. To properly evaluate these injuries, compare observations across studies, and make clinical decisions, a validated measurement protocol for evaluating scapular fractures is needed.