Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

Symposium: ABJS Carl T. Brighton Workshop on Outcome Measures 11 articles


Stakeholders in Outcome Measures: Review From a Clinical Perspective

Mark R. Brinker MD, Daniel P. O’Connor PhD

Modern interest in patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs) in orthopaedics dates back to the mid-1980s. While gradual growth of activity in this area has occurred over the past 25 years, the extent to which this research methodology is applied in clinical practice to improve patient care is unclear.

Challenges in Outcome Measurement: Discrepancies Between Patient and Provider Definitions of Success

Philip C. Noble PhD, Sophie Fuller-Lafreniere MPH, Morteza Meftah MD, Maureen K. Dwyer PhD

Some orthopaedic procedures, including TKA, enjoy high survivorship but leave many patients dissatisfied because of residual pain and functional limitations. An important cause of patient dissatisfaction is unfulfilled preoperative expectations. This arises, in part, from differences between provider and patient in their definition of a successful outcome.

Challenges in Outcome Measurement: Clinical Research Perspective

Daniel P. O’Connor PhD, Mark R. Brinker MD

Comparative effectiveness research evaluates treatments as actually delivered in routine clinical practice, shifting research focus from efficacy and internal validity to effectiveness and external validity (“generalizability”). Such research requires accurate assessments of the numbers of patients treated and the completeness of their followup, their clinical outcomes, and the setting in which their care was delivered. Choosing measures and methods for clinical outcome research to produce meaningful information that may be used to improve patient care presents a number of challenges.

Incorporating Patient-reported Outcomes in Total Joint Arthroplasty Registries: Challenges and Opportunities

Patricia D. Franklin MD, MBA, MPH, Leslie Harrold MD, MPH, David C. Ayers MD

Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) registries traditionally have focused on implant longevity and rates of revision surgery. Registries would benefit from the addition of standardized patient-reported outcomes (PROs) such as pain relief and improved physical function. However, PROs have not been routinely adopted, and their incorporation into TJA registries presents challenges.

Integrating Patient-reported Outcomes Into Orthopaedic Clinical Practice: Proof of Concept From FORCE-TJR

David C. Ayers MD, Hua Zheng PhD, Patricia D. Franklin MD, MBA, MPH

Good orthopaedic care requires a knowledge of the patient’s history of musculoskeletal pain and associated limitations in daily function. Standardized measures of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can provide this information. Integrating PROs into routine orthopaedic patient visits can provide key information to monitor changes in symptom severity over time, support shared clinical care decisions, and assess treatment effectiveness for quality initiatives and value-based reimbursement.

Commonalities, Differences, and Challenges With Patient-derived Outcome Measurement Tools: Function/Activity Scales

Philip C. Noble PhD, Maureen Dwyer PhD, ATC, Adam Brekke BA

There is a critical need to evaluate the success of orthopaedic treatments through valid outcome measures. Previous attempts to express patient outcomes using a single aggregate score led to scores that were ambiguous, often insensitive to change, and poorly correlated with the patient’s assessment of the outcome of surgical procedures.

Validation of PROMIS® Physical Function Computerized Adaptive Tests for Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Outcome Research

Man Hung PhD, MSTAT, MED, Judith F. Baumhauer MD, MPH, L. Daniel Latt MD, PhD, Charles L. Saltzman MD, Nelson F. SooHoo MD, Kenneth J. Hunt MD

In 2012, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Societyestablished a national network for collecting and sharing data on treatment outcomes and improving patient care. One of the network’s initiatives is to explore the use of computerized adaptive tests (CATs) for patient-level outcome reporting.

Statistical Considerations in the Psychometric Validation of Outcome Measures

Alla Sikorskii PhD, Philip C. Noble PhD

The evaluation of the outcomes of total knee arthroplasty requires measurement tools that are valid, reliable, and responsive to change. However, the accuracy of any outcome measurement is determined by the validity and reliability of the instrument used. To ensure this accuracy, it is imperative that each instrument used in orthopaedics is free of biases leading to inaccurate estimates of treatment effects.

Health Policy Implications of Outcomes Measurement in Orthopaedics

John Philip Andrawis MD, MBA, Kate Eresian Chenok MBA, Kevin J. Bozic MD, MBA

An emphasis on “value” over volume in health care is driving new healthcare measurement, delivery, and payment models. Orthopaedic surgery is a major contributor to healthcare spending and, as such, is the focus of many of these new models.

Measuring Expectations in Orthopaedic Surgery: A Systematic Review

Michael G. Zywiel MD, Anisah Mahomed, Rajiv Gandhi MSc, MD, Anthony V. Perruccio PhD, Nizar N. Mahomed MD, ScD

Advances in the surgical treatment of musculoskeletal conditions have resulted in an interest in better defining and understanding patients’ expectations of these procedures, but the best ways to do this remain a topic of considerable debate.